Secession in the Iberian 

by Saul Cardenas 

On October 27, 2017, Spain drew closer to civil war as the Catalan Parliament met and voted in favor of secession via secret ballot. The ballot approved a resolution which declared The Catalan Republic independent from Spain. The reason for secession is particularly rooted in a past of oppression from the formerly centralist government, culture, and current actions from the national government. Although they receiving large amounts of autonomy from the Spanish government in 1977, nationalist sentiment for the Catalan Republic has only grown especially after the Spanish Constitutional Court struck down a law that was passed in 2006 by the Catalan parliament; the law would update the autonomous nature of Catalonia. However, the reason for the denial of the law was a clause that placed the Catalonian language over the Spanish language. Basically, any clause that demonstrated Catalonian autonomy was grounds for rejection. Despite this, polls were held in 014 that found 80 percent of Catalonian citizens were pro-independence. In response, the Spanish government ordered police to prevent anyone from taking part in the polls. Now the Catalonian people have condemned and proclaimed the Spanish government as tyrannical and oppressive.

The Spanish government has condemned the actions of the Catalonian leaders as treasonous. Spanish prosecutors have even stated that the Catalonian leaders should be charged with sedition, rebellion and misuse of public funds.       

On an international scale, most nations have come to consensus on the issue. The United States, Russia, China, United Kingdom, and Germany have all publically addressed the Catalonian secession. All of which declared that they will not recognize Catalonia as an independent state. The only nation that has stated they will recognize Catalonia as an independent nation is Taiwan.

               Thus, the Catalonian people face an uphill battle. The opposition being the entire Spanish government, a government with substantial military resources and obtaining international recognition.