Helping out for the Holidays

By Kimberly Martinez

            As the holidays approach, we as a community should start thinking about helping people in need. Helping people can really make them feel that they aren’t alone. The city of Los Angeles is known for their soup kitchen that feeds many people on a regular basis. However, most soup kitchens are closed for the holidays.  One of the ways we can help is collecting canned food drive or anything that is packaged in a sealed container. SGHS participates in an annual canned food for Thanksgiving. Many students enjoy helping out.  Senior Wendy Hernandez said, “I enjoy helping my community so I’m glad that our school is participating in the canned food drive because I am able to bring all the canned food from my house.” If we can all promise to bring at least two cans, many people will be able to eat this holiday. The collection begins a couple of days before Thanksgiving, so make sure to listen to the announcements and are aware of when and where you can bring your cans. You can also talk to your teachers and set up a canned food collection for your class.

November 2016 Events

By Kimberly Martinez

·       L.A. Cash for College Saturday, Nov 19, 2016 9:00 AM to 1:30 PM Los Angeles, CA

·       UC Application Workshop Nov 23 2:00 PM – 3:00 PM Cypress College Transfer Center

·       Rose Bowl Flea Market Dec 11 9:00am-?

·       Public Star Party Dec 10 2:00pm Free Griffith Observatory

·       LA Zoo Light Nov 18- Jan 8 $9 and up

·       Artists & Fleas Venice Oct 22- Dec 21 Free

·       The Great Los Angeles Walk Nov 19 Free

·       Downtown Los Angeles Art Walk Nov 10- Dec 8 Free

·       Turkey Trot Los Angeles Nov 24 $30-$55

·       Spider Pavilion USC/Exposition Oct 30- Dec 11

·       1st Thursday Art Walk Dec 1

·       Animation Fest Nov 20-24 $12

L.A. Zoo Lights

By Adriana Silva

Established in 1966, this year marks the LA Zoo’s 50th anniversary and their third year hosting a light event. Last year, USA Today praised LA Zoo Lights so this holiday season the zoo will be flooded with extravagant decorations and vibrant lights. Guests attending the zoo will experience a breathtaking light show with wonderful music accompanied by a water and animation show. There will also be a shadow puppet show and a new waterfall feature in the Children’s Zoo.

Tickets are very affordable and starts off at $14 for adults and $11 for children between the ages 2-12. The LA Zoo Lights will take place between November 18 – 21 and November 28 – December 1. 

Fun Facts with Joel: What sound did a dinosaur make?

By Joel Garcia

            While you might imagine dinosaurs screeching or roaring like they did in the Jurassic Park movies, scientists haven’t been able to figure out the noises they actually made. New research is bringing us closer to understanding how they might have sounded. The new theory is that dinosaurs may have actually sounded similar to the throaty growl of crocodiles or the loud honking of geese.

            Birds and crocodile-like reptiles are the closest living descendants we have to dinosaurs. A recent paper published in the journal Historical Biology pointed out that crocodiles and mammals make sound through a vocal organ called a larynx, while birds use a syrinx. Present day predators, like lions and bears, roar when they attack, so we assume all predators did. However, the new theory claims we should model our view of dinosaur sounds on creatures that use sound to call mates and defend territory.

            In 2013, the oldest fossil of a voice box was discovered. From there, a team of archeologists figured out what sound its anatomy could make. Apparently, it most closely related to a syrinx which dinosaurs most likely sounded like a modern day goose or duck.

 

Truth about Thanksgiving

By. Allen Chavez

Do any of us actually know the truth behind Thanksgiving? Many Americans think of thanksgiving as a wonderful time to celebrate just like getting out of school for a long weekend, and eating large amount of foods or might even think that it’s the start of the Christmas holiday season.

The truth is many of us were taught that the pilgrims sailed from England and landed on Plymouth Rock. Over two months later, barely surviving their first winter. With the help of Squanto and the friendly Wampanoag, who taught the Pilgrims to fish and plant corn and squash. The first thanksgiving in 1621 was held to celebrate a harvest with the tribe that helped make it possible.

Many of this was true but they left out the part on why the Pilgrims were actually thankful. The UGLY TRUTH was that the pilgrims were thankful that the Native population was actually decreasing. Professor Loewon writes, “Ninety armed settlers burned a Native village, along their crops, and then demanded the Natives to turn in the murderers. When the Natives refused, a massacre followed.”  But almost like anything there’s the lies then there’s the harsh truth of things.

 

The Sunken Spanish Treasure Fleet

By Albert Moran

               Since we were just children, pirate treasure has been in cartoons, and movies. However, what we don’t know is that there is hundreds of billions, if not trillions of dollars’ worth of unfound gold sitting on the ocean floor. In many parts of the world, people go on treasure hunts to find these lost fortunes but unfortunately, most people perish during their discovery. However, some people get lucky, according to Alex Sinclair on cracked.com, a family found 300 thousand dollars’ worth of gold just 150 yards offshore. Wat gold is this family after? Well they were after the sunken Spanish fleet.

               After the Spain’s War of Succession in 1712, they had very little money. So in turn, they sent 11 ships to retrieve gold from the colonies of the New World. These 11 ships were to retrieve emeralds, gold, and silver to transport from Cuba to Spain. For some reason, the commanding officer decided to wait until hurricane season to set sail for Spain from Cuba. A week later, the fleet had sunk, and thousands of sailors were dead. Of the 11 ships, 4 have yet to be found. Pieces of treasure still wash up to shore to this day along the beautiful beaches of Florida. In 2015, a family found 4 million dollars’ worth of gold on a beach, including a gold coin belonging to a king.

               One of the 11 ships was believed to survive the storms, since it was lighter than the other ships. Many people believe that t survived, and sailed up the coast of North Carolina. Either way, finding the sunken San Miguel would result in you being worth an estimated $2 billion dollars. Either way, the whereabouts of the billion dollar ship still remain unknown. This is probably the most famous lost treasure ever. It has been included in video games such Assassins Creed, and in movies such as Fool’s Gold! If you ever feel like taking a vacation to Florida, don’t hesitate to stop by these beaches.

               

Red #40

In America, we have the biggest selection of junk food than any other place in the world. This is the main reason America is the most obese country in the world. What many people fail to do in this country is read. If you read the ingredients on a bag of hot Cheetos, maybe you’d change your mind about taking another bite, or maybe you wouldn’t. However, the consumption of Hot Cheetos by today’s youth is insanely high. Not just hot Cheetos, but any kind of hot red chips. And now that your mouth is on fire, how about some red Kool-Aid to help soothe your tongue? Yeah, I bet that’ll do the trick!

               So how do the Hot Cheetos get to a bright fluorescent red? How does Kool-Aid achieve that beautiful dark red that we pour into our cups? The answer is simple. Any processed food that is red, contains red #40. What is red #40? It is an insect that gets crushed and processed with other chemicals to make a red dye. Yes, you heard me correct, the main ingredient is an insect that looks very much like a bed bug.

               This bug is not just used in chips, and Kool-Aid either. The FDA approves a certain amount of these bugs to fall into a jar of peanut butter, and still be sold to consumers around the globe. Imagine that! The FDA, allows bugs, live bugs, to be pulverized and placed into our peanut butter. You probably think that even if it is from an animal, we have ben harvesting meat from animals since the beginning of time! However, this bug in particular has been linked to causing ADHD. If you think ADHD is worth that fluorescent red bag of Cheetos, then please be my guest.

Ghost Pepper Challenge Gone Wrong

By Juan Cocina

            Before we jump into it, what exactly is a “Ghost pepper”? Well, its real name is “Bhut jolokia,” a pepper cultivated in Indian states. For comparison, the pepper is 400 times hotter than Tabasco Original Hot Sauce, and even won the 2007 Guinness World Record for the World’s Hottest Chili Pepper. Although it was surpassed as the “hottest pepper” in 2011, it is still rated at more than 1 million scoville units! As Louisiana pepper grower Ronald Primeaux describes it, “Your body thinks it’s going to die.” This pepper lead to a viral internet food challenge on YouTube. It is known as the “Ghost pepper challenge,” in which people film themselves eating and swallowing the chili pepper. However, there was one recent incident in which it went horribly wrong.

            An unnamed, 47 year old man attempted a super-spicy feat – eating a hamburger served with a ghost pepper puree as a challenge – and to put it frankly, it tore a hole in his esophagus. To try and quench the heat, the man drank 6 glasses of water. This did not only induce vomiting, it also caused awful abdominal pains. He instantly dialed for emergency help and was rushed to the hospital. After the doctors moved him to the operating room, they discovered a “2.5-cm tear in the distal esophagus,” or about a one inch tear. The force of the vomiting and retching led to a rare diagnosis of Boerhaave’s syndrome; these spontaneous tears in the esophagus can be fatal if they are not diagnosed and treated.

            Challenges that involve food, such as peppers or even the infamous cinnamon challenge, are becoming more and more popular online. It is important to remember the dangers of eating food that our body may not be able to handle, especially if one is not accustomed to eating certain foods. As for the 47 year old man, he was released from the hospital 23 days after the incident with a gastric tube, and a load of regret. 

8 Facts of November

By. Allen Chavez

1.      Thanksgiving is ranked as America’s second most popular holiday, after Christmas.

2.      The average American will consume 4,500 calories on Thanksgiving Day, or about 3,000 for the meal and an additional 1,500 for snacking.

3.      Thanksgiving is often considered the site of the first cultural war because it contains both a narrative of the birth of freedom and democracy as well as an account of racism, mistreatment of Native Americans, and conflict.

4.      In December 1620, the first Pilgrim landed and built their settlement site in the middle of the homeland of Wampanoag (Massachusetts) people.

5.      Americans eat roughly 535 million pounds of turkey on Thanksgiving.

6.      In Finland they call November ‘Marraskuu’ which translates to the month of the dead.

7.      In the United States and Canada, November is National Beard Month or No Shave Month. Australians grow a mustache instead of a full beard on November.

8.      In any given year, November starts on the same day of the week as March and ends on the same day of the week as August. 

Protect and Serve

Protect and Serve

By David Escobar

 

               When contemplating the lengths of our lives, I’m sure we can all think of a time where we’ve experienced a crime in some capacity. Maybe, you go to sleep wondering if you’re listening to gun shots or fireworks, or it’s possible that you have been in a situation where you didn’t have to wonder. In all these cases of crime, most people would pair the thoughts with the idea of a police officer stopping the crime, and that’s what they’re there for, to resolve these issues, to “protect and serve”. However, some people disagree with the use of this slogan. Some people believe that the police abuse their power and that a rash of “police brutality” is sweeping across America.

     Recently, in Greensboro, North Carolina, a man named Dejuan Yourse sat on his mother’s door step, waiting for her to get there. A person unfamiliar with Yourse called in a possible burglary to the police. Officer Travis Cole responded to the call, matched Yourse’s identification to the address of the house, but still decided that he was guilty of attempted break-in, and very forcefully detained him. All reports show that Yourse remained calm and peaceful, and only experienced anger after he had been detained for no justifiable reason. In the event of a minor misdemeanor, officers are not allowed to arrest the perpetrator, according to modern law, the ability to arrest is only warranted when the officer visually sees a substantial misdemeanor occur. No clear distinction between minor and substantial misdemeanor has been made public.  Yourse’s arrest was based primarily on suspicion. Cole did not see the man commit any unlawful act. Officer Cole either forgot or didn’t care about Yourse’s rights. Cole seemed to be trying to spawn conflict in a situation that it wasn’t present, and in doing that, he created conflict himself. The reality of this situation is that an innocent man, Dejuan Yourse, was handcuffed and punched, for “attempting to break in” to his mother’s home.

     After Yourse’s experience it would be understandable if he took the side of “#BlackLivesMatter” advocates, who claim there have been way too many unjustifiable deaths related to police brutality. A study from The Washington Post revealed that, in 2015, there were 1100 police shootings that left a citizen dead, the number of police officers killed in the line of fire was 46. This statistic of citizens being shot is widely made up of criminals, but does include citizens like Michael Brown and Alton Sterling, who were unjustifiably killed by police. Officers are supposed to make law-respecting citizens feel safe and secure, yet many Americans say that when confronted or questioned by a police officer, they fall into a state of anxiety in hopes that they won’t be unjustly charged or apprehended based on an inaccurate profiling. There are numerous cases very similar to Yourse’s that have been caught on tape, and they make many Americans question the motives and actions of officers, which slowly diminishes some of our ability to feel secure.

     This leads the public to wonder about the law enforcement system and the way it’s implemented. However, despite the widely publicized evidence of police brutality, it is important to remember that it is a very small percentage of actual serving officers that are guilty of this behavior. Most cops aren’t biased and shouldn’t be held accountable for the poor decision making and unethical behavior of the small percentage of biased police officers we see portrayed in mass media. While there are instances where a police officer, just like any other imperfect human, displays bias, most of these shootings spawn from the high stress job they’re working.  All in all, police brutality is a real issue. Perhaps, newly designed training programs that put officers in simulations where bias may be an issue, will help solve this civil rights issue. If anything, it should definitely lower the number of incidents we see. Our country has proven to be adaptable to the issues of our time, and made reforms to improve on its faults. Those who see police brutality as a major issue, should push for changes in our police force. Improvements have been made in the past, almost always spurring from constructive dialogue and work towards a greater future.